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DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM’S LOSS RISK MANAGEMENT

Factors/Risks associated with increase in distribution’s systems loss

Increase in utility’s system’s kWh loss can be attributed to many factors. We all know that the components of a utility’s systems loss can be from technical loss or from non-technical loss. As a review, technical loss is the inherent properties of electrical equipment and devices during operation while non-technical loss is the result of electricity pilferage, error in meter reading, etc. 

TYPICAL ELECTRIC PILFERAGE DETECTION METHODS

How to detect possible electricity pilferage?

We all know that system’s loss is composed primarily of technical loss and non-technical loss. Technical loss is the inherent property of all electrical devices during operation while non-technical losses are caused by electricity theft and/or metering inaccuracies. Technical loss can be determined through computations and the use of measuring devices. On the other hand, non-technical loss cannot be measured nor be computed; instead one has to have various methods just to detect such loss.

COMPUTATION OF TECHNICAL POWER LOSS FOR FEEDERS USING LOAD FACTOR AND LOAD LOSS FACTOR TECHNICAL PAPER

Author: Sarang Pande and Prof. Dr. J.G. Ghodekar

ABSTRACT: Power system losses can be divided into two categories: technical losses and non-technical losses. Technical losses are naturally occurring losses (caused by actions internal to the power system) and consist mainly of power dissipation in electrical system components such as transmission lines, power transformers, measurement systems, etc. Technical losses result from the impedance of the network components such as electric lines/ cables, transformers, metering and protecting equipment etc. Non-technical losses, on the other hand, are caused by theft, metering inaccuracies. In this paper a method for energy loss calculation is presented.

INVERTER TECHNOLOGY FOR ENERGY SAVING GUIDE

How to save energy in using inverter technology?


An inverter used either in air conditioning or refrigeration basic benefit is its significant energy saving capabilities. Inverter technology allows the air conditioner/refrigerator automatically vary its power output to specifically maintain room temperature at a desired or comfortable level. Basically, the inverter is used to control the speed of the compressor motor to allow continuously regulated temperature. In contrast, a non-inverter appliance maintains the temperature by repeatedly switching power on and off, which consumes much more electrical energy upon starting.

TYPICAL LOSS FOR AMORPHOUS-METAL CORE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS

Typical Loss for Amorphous-Metal Core Distribution Transformers.

The losses shown in the table are the typical values of a amorphous-metal cored distribution transformers. Core loss and Winding loss (watts) varies relatively as with the increase of the distribution transformer's kVA capacity. Also shown are he respective kilo-watthour loss in annual basis for different transformer capacity in 30% and 40% load factor. Annual kwh are based on peak transformer kW loading equal to kVA size.